Your tires are the only parts in your vehicle that is in contact with the road, so it is essential to monitor their condition and pressure. The air pressure contained in a tire is the only element that keeps your wheel in order to roll and preserve its performance.
With the passage of time, new rules are introduced to ensure the safety of riders. Below you will find all the necessary explanations concerning the pressure of car tires, as well as the electronic pressure monitoring sensor. (TPMS sensor).
Need of TPMS SENSOR.
Every year, more than 250,000 accidents are caused by under inflated tires around the world. In US, More than 1 in 4 cars and light trucks have two tires below recommended pressure. French statistics shows that 6 out of 10 motorists drive while their tire pressure is not correct stated by Sécurité Routière. In fact, 6% of road fatalities and 9% of motorway accidents are caused by poor maintenance of the tires, which are often too worn or deflated. According to DEKRA, , about 50 per cent of German passenger cars are traveling with too little tire pressure.
A WELL INFLATED TIRE Ensures:
- Driving safely
- Normal fuel consumption
- Normal tire wear
AN UNDER-INFLATED TIRE leads to:
- Increase chances of a puncture and / or accident
- An increase in fuel consumption
- Premature wear of its tires
AN OVER-INFLATED TIRE results in:
- Reducing traction on the road
- Increase braking distances
- Premature wear of its tires
WHAT IS TPMS SENSOR?
The TPMS sensor (Tire Pressure Monitoring System) is a device that measures tire pressure in real time and alerts you when your vehicle is experiencing a pressure problem. This makes it possible to avoid the problems of punctures and / or accidents. Manufacturers have the choice between two TPMS sensor technologies:
TPMS: THE INDIRECT Sensor
If you are equipped with an indirect sensor, your vehicle evaluates the pressure of your tires through the circumference of your wheels. This data is sent to your on-board computer via existing systems on your vehicle type ABS or ESP.
This type of system is designed to notify when one of your wheels loses about 20% of the initial pressure. At this point, your dashboard informs you of a problem via this light.
In this case, we recommend that you stop as soon as possible to check the pressure and the condition of the tires.
TPMS: THE DIRECT SENSOR (Electronic valves)
These sensors can take different shapes and be positioned at different locations in your wheel.
The most common is the electronic valve , the latter having the same shape as a conventional valve except that it additionally comprises a rigid housing in which the pressure sensor is placed. In view of its position in the wheel,
against the rim, the electronic valves are unfortunately subject to problems of breakage and / or deterioration.
HOW DO I KNOW IF MY VEHICLE IS EQUIPPED WITH A TPMS SENSOR?
When you put the ignition on your vehicle, the vehicle carries out a “function scan”. All the lights on your dashboard light up and then go out if no problems are found.
If your vehicle is equipped with a TPMS Sensor system you will see on your dashboard these types of displays: Adjacent picture shows TPMS light.
ADVANTAGES OF TPMS?
POORLY PRESSURIZED TIRE = DANGER AND OVERCONSUMPTION
Tire pressure problems account for 6% of fatal accidents in France and 250,000 around the globe.
Whether you are driving daily or occasionally with your vehicle, it is normal to gradually lose air.
Nevertheless, it is difficult to quantify this loss of air, because it varies according to your use, the condition of your tires, the condition of the roads and / or paths used.
However, it is advisable to check the pressure of your tires every 1000 km, or every 2 full of gasoline on average.
PRESSURIZED TIRE = SAFETY!
With a vehicle equipped with the TPMS system, the system monitors tire pressure in time and alerts you when one of your tires is under inflation (average 10% below average pressure). So you ride serenely, and limit:
- Your fuel consumption
- Problems with punctured tires
- Accidents caused by pressure problems
Along with other car maintenance, tire and TPMS maintenance is now being getting importance.
The European Regulation obliges all new vehicles sold since November 1, 2014, to be equipped with a TPMS system.
The choice of the installed system varies according to the vehicle manufacturers and models.
As the driver of this vehicle you have an obligation to maintain this active system. It is therefore forbidden to block this function on your vehicle or to disassemble it. Think about it!